The United Kingdom left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period now applies until 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK must comply with all EU rules and laws. For businesses or for the public, almost nothing changes. After the transition period, there will be changes, whether or not an agreement is reached on the new relationship between the UK and the EU. “Moreover, this is happening at a time when the European Parliament is reviewing the trade and cooperation agreement and has not yet decided when the approval vote will take place. These developments are not helpful, to say the least. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which lasts until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement. During the transition period, EU law will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the Single Market and the Customs Union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adjust to the new situation and give THE UK and EU governments time to negotiate a new EU-UK trade deal. [17] [18] “The choice now is whether today`s vote will be a flood sign for EU-UK relations for decades to come, or whether we see this as the basis for a strong and close partnership based on our common interests and values.

Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on 17 October 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP declared that they could not support the new agreement. [30] The BRITISH Parliament passes a law obliging the BRITISH government to request a postponement of Brexit if no agreement is reached with the EU by 19 October 2019. The UK government will be able to ratify the Withdrawal Agreement once eu law (Withdrawal Agreement) has received royal approval. We explained this domestic process in a Library Insight in October 2019. The relevant sections were renumbered when the bill was reintroduced in December 2019, but their content remains unchanged. After the British House of Lords approved the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act on January 22, the act received Royal Assent from the Queen. The European Parliament approved the agreement on 29th January. The European Parliament has postponed setting a date for ratifying the trade and security deal with Britain after Boris Johnson was accused of violating international law for the second time in Northern Ireland. On 17 October 2019, the UK and the EU reached an agreement on the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU (Brexit) and on a transition period until 31 December 2020.

The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the “Irish backstop”, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement that outlined provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contains a provision on a safety net to deal with circumstances in which other satisfactory arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described below. Prime Minister Boris Johnson wins the British general election. It is therefore likely that the Brexit agreement will be adopted soon. If the UK Parliament approves the deal, the European Parliament will be able to vote on it in January. The vote concludes the year-long Brexit process and opens a new era in which close cooperation between Brussels and London risks being accompanied by constant quarrels and disagreements. Article 185 also provides that the Agreement shall enter into force on one of the following dates: in view of the close relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom and their geographical proximity, the Agreement also establishes a close security partnership.

This facilitates cooperation in the fields of justice and home affairs. In concrete terms, this means that both sides, for example within Europol, will continue to cooperate closely in the fight against crime and in the fight against money laundering, cross-border crime and terrorism. In addition, the agreement regulates the mutual exchange of data, such as passenger data or criminal records. All this is done in accordance with the European Convention on Human Rights and data protection standards comparable to those of the EU. Governance is ensured by a joint committee composed of representatives of the European Union and the British Government. A number of technical committees will report to the Joint Committee. These rights are contained in the Withdrawal Agreement; The resulting obligation to protect these rights is implemented by national legislation and measures. In Germany, the act on the current amendment of the Free Movement Act/EU and other legal provisions in line with EU law entered into force on 24 November 2020. This Act protects the status rights of British nationals and their family members who are entitled to free movement in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement.

Further information is available on the website of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Construction and Municipality. Commission President Ursula von der Leyen called on Parliament to ratify the agreement and promised that Brussels would use the dispute settlement and enforcement mechanisms of the agreement to ensure RESPECT by the UK. Otherwise, she said, she would not hesitate to impose punitive tariffs. The Special Protocol for Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland Protocol) annexed to the Withdrawal Agreement ensures that the integrity of the EU`s internal market is maintained; At the same time, it guarantees that there will be no border controls between Ireland and Northern Ireland and that the Good Friday Agreement remains fully in force. The Protocol provides that Northern Ireland will remain part of the customs territory of the United Kingdom, but that all relevant provisions of the EU internal market in Northern Ireland and the Union Customs Code apply. The controls and collection of customs duties that this will entail will take place, inter alia, at the points of entry of the island of Ireland into Northern Ireland. In December 2020, the European Commission and the United Kingdom agreed to postpone the start of certain controls for several months. On 15 November 2018, one day after the british government cabinet presented and supported the agreement, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Leaving the European Union. [28] With the conclusion of a comprehensive agreement, the EU and the UK have opened a new chapter in their relations. During intensive negotiations over a period of almost a year, the future relationship between the EU and the UK has been successfully reshaped. This week, loyalist paramilitary groups told the British and Irish governments that they would withdraw their support for the Good Friday Agreement to protest Northern Ireland`s trade border with the Irish Sea with the rest of the UK.

This prompted the European Parliament to postpone the final ratification of the EU-UK trade deal, which will now take place four months before it is concluded in December. Still valid: “If the UK authorities violate – or threaten – the Withdrawal Agreement through UK Internal Market Law. or otherwise, under no circumstances will the European Parliament ratify an agreement between the EU and the UK,” he wrote. The EU-27 (EU Member States with the exception of the United Kingdom) notes that sufficient progress has been made in Phase 1. This means that Phase 2 of the negotiations can begin. In Phase 2, the EU and the UK continue to negotiate the Withdrawal Agreement. But they also begin to discuss a period of transition and explore their future relationship. The agreement defines the goods, services and associated processes.

It argues that any goods or services lawfully placed on the market before leaving the Union may continue to be made available to consumers in the United Kingdom or in the Member States of the European Union (Articles 40 and 41). The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which the UK will remain in the Single Market to ensure smooth trade until a long-term relationship is agreed. If no agreement is reached by that date, the UK will enter the single market on 1 September. January 2021 without a trade agreement. A non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK is closely linked to the Withdrawal Agreement. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration by replacing the word “adequate” with “adequate” in relation to labour standards. .